Lysozyme, also known as muramidase or N-acetylmuramideglycanhydrolase, is an antimicrobial enzyme produced by animals that forms part of the innate immune system.
Lysozyme is a glycoside hydrolase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in peptidoglycan, which is the major component of gram-positive bacterial cell wall.
This hydrolysis in turn compromises the integrity of bacterial cell walls causing lysis of the bacteria. Lysozyme is abundant in secretions including tears, saliva, human milk, and mucus.
It is also present in cytoplasmic granules of the macrophages and the polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs). Lysozyme is used in skin care, to cure and prevent acne and bed sores, as well as in optical, dental and oral conditions. In a few countries ,lysozyme is highly valued as a prescription and OTC remedy, to treat headaches, colds and throat infections.
|Appearance:||Off white to cream color powder|
|Loss on Drying:||NMT 5.0% w/w|
|ASSAY:||upto 100000 µ/g|